Kitabi Dede Gorgud monument laid in the Dede Gorgud park close to Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy, near the Ganjlik metro station. A monument to Kitabi Dede Gorgud authored by honored artist of Azerbaijan, sculptor Gorush Babayev. The monument Kitabi-Dede Gorgud depicts the foreword to the epic and fragments of its 12 sections about the history of the Oghuz Turks.
“The Book of Dede Gorgud” (Kitabi-Dada Qorqud) is a heroic epic poem of the Oghuz – a Turkic tribal group who were the ancestors of the Azerbaĳanis, Turks, Turkmens and the Gagauz. In terms of its historical and cultural significance, this saga is a grand testament to the culture of the Turkic world of ancient and medieval times. This majestic epic, exuberant in its love for humanity and its environment is comparable to the world’s early epic poems: “Gilgamesh” (Bilgamesh), “The Mahabharata”, “The Iliad”, “The Nart Sagas” and others.
“The Book of Dede Gorgud”, is distinguished among Turkic epic poems like “Koroglu”, “Alpamysh” and “Ural Batyr…. for its antiquity and the information it carries about the culture of the Oghuz.
The first manuscript of “The Book of Dede Gorgud”, dated to the 16th century and consisting of 12 stories (songs), was found in a Dresden library by German orientalist H.F. von Diez, who published a translation in 1815 of the “Tapagoz” (Goggle-eye) episode, which has similarities with the Greek Polyphemus (Cyclops). Later, the Italian orientalist E. Rossi found another copy of the saga in the Vatican’s library; this was also dated to the 16th century and had six stories-cum-songs. Both copies are written in the Oghuz Turkic language, in Arabic script. The epic, found at the beginning of the 19th century, soon attracted attention from the world’s scholars. It has been translated into Russian, German, English, Persian, Georgian, Latvian, Serb, Hungarian and other languages.
Nowadays, international scientific meetings are frequently held in Azerbaijan, the saga’s historical homeland, dedicated to a comparative typology of “The Book of Dede Gorgud” with other of the world’s epic poems.
“The Book of Dede Gorgud” is a masterpiece from the world’s treasury of epic poems in terms of its artistic content, its poetic and linguistic features and for its humanity and humanitarian ideas. This literary landmark, whose 1,300th anniversary was marked by UNESCO as an international holiday in Baku in 1999, is a cultural phenomenon which encompasses the past and the present in the history of mankind, myth and history. While yesterday this majestic epic poem was a holy book of the Oghuz Turks, who contributed important pages to the history of Eurasia, today it is part of “the history of humane ecology” and teaches us secrets about living in harmony with nature.
Source: Vision of Azerbaijan