National Museum of Azerbaijan literature named after Nizami Ganjavi, genius poet and thinker of Azerbaijan is in the center of ancient Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan.
Museum of Azerbaijan literature is a magnificent building which attracts attention of everyone with its blue majolica on the facade where monuments of six outstanding representatives of Azerbaijan literature – Fizuli, Vagif, M.F.Akhundov, Natavan, J.Mammadguluzade an J.Jabbarli are erected.
More than 70 years this holy temple of the word carries out the mission of propaganda of ancient history and rich literary heritage of Azerbaijan people.
The history of the Museum of Azerbaijan Literature building which catches attention with its charming architectural style at first sight begins from the middle of the 19th century which had been built not far from the Twin-gates surrounding Icharishahar (Old city) in 1850. According to the project of Gasim bay Hajibababayov (1811-1874), the chief architect of Baku Gubernia, the second floor was added to the one-stored caravanserai with the order of the new owner of the building Azerbaijani millionaire Haji Hajagha Dadashov (1828-1905). The civil engineer Alexander Nikitin (1878-1952) prepared the project of the banquet room on the second floor and in 1915 the building was transformed into “Metropol” hotel.
The National Museum of Azerbaijan Literature was founded in 1939 initially as the Nizami Memorial Museum that contained a wide range of pieces and documents representing the life and activity of Nizami as well as the historical period he lived. The Museum opened to the public in May 1945 this event being dedicated to the victory in World War II. The collections of the Museum were enlarged in 1947 when the Nizami’s jubilee postponed during the War was officially held.
By 1967 the Nizami Memorial Museum had developed into the present National Museum of Azerbaijan Literature. Housed in a uniquely architectured building with turquoise majolica decorated facade and the most outstanding Azerbaijani writers’ sculptures along it, the Museum is considered one of the famous architectural monuments of Baku.
Twenty-three exhibition halls of the Museum contain a diverse collection that presents life and activity of the eminent Azerbaijani literature figures including Nizami, Nassimi, Fizuli, Vagif, M. F. Akhundov, J. Mammadguluzadeh, M. A. Sabir, J. Jabbarli, S. Vurgun.
National Museum of Azerbaijan literature collection ranges from an ancient topic-designed Tabriz carpet of the early XIX century and Nizami’s “Hamseh” based topic-designed carpets to Nizami’s motifs based miniatures and ancient coin collection. Additionally, it includes unique manuscripts, lithographs and printed books.
The Museum reserves contain a wide collection of manuscripts, personal belongings and archives of writers and a valuable collection of paintings and applied arts works.
The visitors are toured over the National Museum of Azerbaijan literature by Azeri, Russian, Turkish, English and Persian-speaking guides.
The whole area of the museum is 2500 sg.m. The exposition occupies 1409 sg.m, the scientific funds occupies 173 sg.m. Sculptures of the six famous representatives of Azerbaijan literature: Fizuli (sculptor F.Abdurrahmanov), Vagif (sculptor S.Klyatsky), M.F.Akhundov (sculptor P.Sabsay), Natavan (sculptor E.Tripolskaya), D.Mammedkulizade (sculptor N.Zakharov), J.Jabbarly (sculptor S.Klyatsky) are located on the front side of the museum. The sculptures give the building a pantheon-like appearance.
Isrucco moulding, latticed wooden windows, original furniture decorate the halls, where the Museums exhibits are displayed.
Source: Museum of Azerbaijan Literature