Azerbaijan Carpet Museum established in Baku in 1967, being the first carpet museum in the world is the very place that can familiarize all the interested with the unique examples of the national carpets. The main purpose of the creation of the museum was to store, research, and demonstrate unique examples of the carpet weaving art, which are the Azerbaijan’s national heritage.
In acquisition of collections and the further development of Azerbaijan Carpet Museum was attended by outstanding scientists of the country: academicians Rasim Efendiyev and Teymur Bunyadov, Honored Artist and the first director of the museum Aziz Aliyev, Doctors of Art History, professors Roya Taghiyeva and Kubra Aliyeva, Doctor of Historical Sciences Hasan Guliyev, Candidate of Art History Najiba Abdullayeva.
As a result, numerous research expeditions in different regions of Azerbaijan were enriched museum funds by items of material culture of the country. Here, were collected the Azerbaijani carpets, carpet items, and other kinds of crafts. The museum vault houses 10,139 exhibits and includes seven collections: “Pile Carpets”; “Flat-woven carpets”; “Carpet Products”; “Artistic metalwork”; “Ceramics, glass, wood, paper”; “Textile, costume, embroidery”; and “Jewelry”. The museum stores curiosities related to the Bronze Age, the Ancient Period, and the early Middle Ages, while the greater part of the collection dates back to the 17th to 20th centuries.
The 1st floor of the exposition concentrates on the development of Azerbaijani Carpet Weaving. Beginning with the simplest type of carpet hasir (woven mat from reeds or cane), it leads to the more technologically complex and perfect forms (palas, jejim, kilim, shadda, ladi, varni, zili, sumakh).
The 2nd floor of the exposition presents pile carpets. They are divided into groups according to the classfication system developed by Latif Karimov, the scientist and artist of carpets.
The exposition’s 3rd floor illustrates the development of Azerbaijani carpet in the 19th and 20th centuries. On view are the activities of the company Azerkhalcha and its important achievements in the development of the art of carpet making.
For many centuries, jewelry was one of the most advanced arts in Azerbaijan. Throughout its history, artists from different regions skillfully used various jewelry techniques and developed its traditions.
The museum, which was founded in 1967, has from its inception amassed valuable collections, including elegant examples of decorative applied art and jewelry. Currently in the museum’s jewelry fund about 800 exhibits are preserved.
Presented within the fund’s exposition space are items such as women’s and men’s jewelry belonging to the late 19th – early 20th century, as well as some created in the Bronze Age.
Also displayed are women’s jewelry of nearly every type made in the different techniques of this art. Men’s jewelry items mainly embody the dignity and bravery of the person to whom they belonged.
Along with these delicate antique exhibits, one can see works by contemporary artists who continue the traditions of Azerbaijani jewelry. The displays prove once again that centuries-old jewelry traditions, which were transmitted from generation to generation, are eternal.
Source: Azerbaijan Carpet Museum