The State Museum of Musical Culture of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan State Museum of the Musical Culture) was founded in 1967. Main objectives and policies of the Museum: collection, preservation, study, popularization and reactivation of the materials related to the history of the Azerbaijani music. There are more than 50 thousands exhibits collected in the museum fund. Among them are such Azerbaijan national musical instruments as tar, kamancha, saz, daf, goshanaghara, zurna, ney as well as other musical instruments with specific features – cane-tar, cane-saz.
Furthermore, the museum’s collection contains gramophones, gramophone records, musical boxes, original music manuscripts (scores) of Uzeyir Hajibeyov, the founder of the Azerbaijan professional music, Bulbul, the founder of the national professional vocal art, and the famous composers Gara Garayev, Fikret Amirov and other distinguished music figures, personal belongings of the prominent musicians, posters, playbills, photographs, audio and video records, fine art exhibits, sheet music, books and other materials. All of them are valuable samples of the Azerbaijan national musical culture.
Museum of Azerbaijan Musical Culture has the following branches:
– The Permanent Exhibition of the Azerbaijani Traditional Musical Instruments.
– The Niyazi House Museum
– The Vagif Mustafazade House Museum
– The Gara Garayev House Museum
The Permanent Exhibition of Azerbaijani Traditional Musical Instruments
As a branch of the Azerbaijan State Museum of the Musical Culture, the Permanent Exhibition of the Traditional Musical Instruments was opened in 1987. The objective of the exposition is to reflect evolution of the Azerbaijan instrumental culture from the old to present time. The Exhibition is located in two rooms of the former apartment of Ahmed Bakikhanov (1892-1973), tar performer, teacher, Azerbaijan People’s Artist. The replicas (copies) of the ancient musical instruments and modern ones are demonstrated in the first room. This room also presents materials related to eminent performers on the Azerbaijan musical instruments, demonstrates history of the development process of ensembles and orchestras of folk musical instruments. One who wishes can get here the information about the past and the present of performing tradition. The exposition of the II Room is dedicated to life and creative work of Ahmed Bakikhanov. At the same time the Azerbaijani traditional musical instruments collected by him are demonstrated here. This collection became the foundation stone of the musical instruments collection of the State Museum of Azerbaijani Musical Culture.
The Museum Ensemble of Old Musical Instruments
In 1996 according to the direction issued by the Ministry of Culture of Azerbaijan Republic, the Museum Ensemble of Old Musical Instruments was founded in the Museum of Azerbaijan Musical Culture. The distinguishing feature of this Ensemble is the fact that its 14 musicians perform the medieval music of XIV century on musical instruments used in the Middle Ages, gradually forgotten and restored by the museum worker M.Kerimov, Art Director of the Ensemble and Honoured Artist of the Republic. Thanks to Kerimov’s great diligence and skill, such restored musical instruments as Chang, Barbat, Rud, Chagane, Santur, Setar, Shirvan tanbur, Rubab, Gopuz are the core of the Museum’s exposition. One who wishes to see the instruments can do it there as well as attend rehearsals and concerts to hear their fascinating sounds. the Museum Ensemble of Old Musical Instruments successfully represents Azerbaijan Musical culture at the international level. In 2002, the ensemble performed at the International Festival Voix et Rout Romanearranged in France as well as in UNESCO’s Paris office. The ensemble’s high-leveled performance at the event arranged in Almaty (2003), at the festival “Voice of the Soul” took place in Dushanbe (2005) and same year in the cultural program arranged in the context of the Islamic Countries Cultural Week held in Istanbul was awarded the highest prize and presents.
The Niyazi Museum
The order on the Niyazi Museum establishment was issued by the Ministry of Culture on 28th of December, 1990. On 18th of September, 1994, the Museum opened its door for visitors. Maestro Niyazi lived and worked in this apartment from 1958 to the end of his life. His former apartment, now Museum, consists of five rooms. Three of them (dining-room, bedroom and working room) are kept as they used to be during Maestro’s life. The rest two rooms (exposition and living room) are managed to show more exhibits related to Niyazi and to provide space for chamber concerts and celebrations. Photographs reflecting Niyazi’s life and creativity from his childhood to his declining years, musical manuscripts, posters, playbills and other exhibits are displayed in the exposition room. The living room presents photographs reflecting Niyazi’s social life, paintings and drawings presented to Maestro or acquired by the Museum during long time.
Vagif Mustafazade Museum
On 28 July, 1989, the Vagif Mustafazade Museum was founded. In 1994, the Museum became a branch of the State Museum of Azerbaijan Musical Culture. During 1989-1997 the head of the Museum was V.Mustafazede’s mother – Ziver Aliyeva. The Museum consists of 3 rooms. There are photographs related to V.Mustafazade’s life and creative work, various papers, personal belongings presented in the exposition. Total 1214 items.
Source: Museum of Azerbaijan Musical Culture